Mango Cultivars/Varieties

Apart from numerous seedling varieties, more than a thousand vegetatively propagated mango cultivars have been reported. Most of these have originated as chance seedlings selected earlier and further maintained asexually. Majority of these cultivars is of Indian origin and representation from other parts of the world is limited in number.

In India, about 30 cultivars are being grown commercially. Majority of them have narrow adaptability and show ecogeographical preferences for growth and yield (Yadav and Rajan, 1993). However the situation has been gradually changing in different regions of India. Traditional cultivars, specific to particular regions are being replaced by those assuring higher returns. (Click here for INDIAN CULTIVARS).

Important mango cultivars in major producing countries.

Country Cultivars
Australia 'Kensington Pride', 'Banana', 'Earlygold', 'Glenn', 'Haden', 'Irwin', 'Keitt', 'Kent', 'Zill'
Bangladesh 'Aswina', 'Fazli', 'Gopal Bhog', 'Himsagar','Khirsapati', 'Langra', 'Kishan Bhog', 'Kohinoor', 'Kua Pahari', 'Mohan Bhog'
Brazil  'Bourbon', 'Carlota', 'Coracao', 'Espada', 'Itamaraca', 'Maco', 'Magoada', 'Rosa', 'Tommy Atkins'
China 'Baiyu', 'Guixiang', 'Huangpi', 'Huangyu', 'Macheco', 'Sannian', 'Yuexi No. 1'
Costa Rica  'Haden', 'Irwin', 'Keitt', 'Mora', 'Tommy Atkins'
Ecuador  'Haden', 'Keitt', 'Kent', 'Tommy Atkins'
Egypt  'Alphonso', 'Bullock's Heart', 'Hindi Be Sennara', 'Langra', 'Mabrouka', 'Pairie', 'Taimour', 'Zebda'
Guatemala  'Haden', 'Kent', 'Tommy Atkins'
Haiti  'Francine', 'Madame Francis'
India 'Alphonso', 'Banganapalli', 'Bombay', 'Bombay Green', 'Chausa', 'Dashehari', 'Fazli', 'Fernandian', 'Himsagar', 'Kesar', 'Kishen Bhog', 'Langra', 'Mallika', 'Mankurad, 'Mulgoa', 'Neelum', 'Pairi', 'Samar Behisht Chausa’, 'Suvarnarekha', 'Totapuri', 'Vanraj', 'Zardalu', 'Amrapali', 'Bangalora', 'Gulabkhas'
Indonesia 'Arumanis', 'Dodol', 'Gedong', 'Golek', 'Madu', 'Manalagi', 'Cengkir', 'Wangi'
Israel 'Haden','Tommy Atkins','Keitt', 'Maya', 'Nimrod', 'Kent', 'Palmer'
Kenya  'Boubo','Ngowe','Batawi'
Malaysia 'Arumanis', 'Kuala Selangor 2', 'Golek', 'Apple Rumani', 'Malgoa', 'Apple Mango', 'Maha-65', 'Tok Boon'
Mali  'Amelie','Kent'
Mexico  'Haden', 'Irwin', 'Kent', 'Manila', 'Palmer', 'Sensation', 'Tommy Atkins', 'Van Dyke'
Myanmar 'Aug Din', 'Ma Chit Su', 'Sein Ta Lone', 'Shwe Hin Tha'
Pakistan 'Anwar Ratol', 'Baganapalli', 'Chausa', 'Dashehari', 'Gulab Khas', 'Langra', 'Siroli', 'Sindhri', 'Suvarnarekha', 'Zafran'
Peru  'Haden', 'Keitt', 'Kent', 'Tommy Atkins'
Philippines 'Carabao', 'Manila Super', 'Pico', 'Binoboy', 'Carabao', 'Dudul', 'Pahutan', 'Senora'
Singapore 'Apple Mango', 'Arumanis', 'Golek', 'Kaem Yao', 'Mangga Dadol'
South Africa  'Fascell', 'Haden', 'Keitt', 'Kent', 'Sensation', 'Tommy Atkins', 'Zill,
Sri Lanka 'Karutha Colomban, Willard, Vellai Colomban, Petti amba, Malwana amba, Parrot Mango and Peterpasand, Dapara, Hingurakgoda
Thailand 'Nam Doc Mai', 'Ngar Charn', 'Okrong', 'Rad', 'Choke Anand', 'Kao Keaw', 'Keow Savoey', 'Pimsenmum'
USA  'Keitt', 'Kent', 'Tommy Atkins'
Venezuela  'Haden' 'Keitt' 'Kent' 'Tommy Atkins
Vietnam ‘Combodiana’

Indian Varieties

There are nearly 1000 mango varieties in India.  However, only about 20 varieties are grown commercially.  Most of the Indian mango varieties have specific ecogeographical requirements for optimum growth and fruiting. 

Dashehari, Langra, Chausa, Bombay Green and Fazri in north India; Banganapalli, Totapuri, Neelum, Pairi, Suvarnarekha, Mulgoa, Kalapadi and Rumani in south India; Alphonso, Kesar, Mankurad, Fernandin’ and ‘Vanraj’ in western India and ‘Langra’, ‘Fazri; ‘Chausa’, ‘Zardalu’, ‘Himsagar’ and ‘Malda’ in eastern India are grown commercially.  Brief characteristics of these varieties are given below :

Commercial Varieties

Characteristics of important commercial mango varieties are as under :

Alphonso : This is the leading commercial variety of Maharashtra state and one of the choicest varieties of the country. This variety is known by different names in different regions, viz. Badami, Gundu, Khader, Appas, Happus and Kagdi Happus. The fruit of this variety is medium in size, ovate oblique in shape and orange yellow in colour. The fruit quality is excellent and keeping quality is good. It has been found good for canning purpose. It is mainly exported as fresh fruit to other countries. It is a mid season variety.

Bangalora : It is a commercial variety of south India. The common synonyms of this variety are Totapuri, Kallamai, Thevadiyamuthi, Collector, Sundersha, Burmodilla, Killi Mukku and Gilli Mukku. The fruit size is medium to large, its shape is oblong with necked base and colour is golden yellow. Fruit quality is poor but keeping quality is very good. It is widely used for processing. It is a mid season variety.

Banganapalli : It is a commercial variety of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. It is also known as Chapta, Safeda, Baneshan and Chapai. Fruit is large in size and obliquely oval in shape. The colour of the fruit is golden yellow. Fruit quality and keeping quality are good. It is a mid season variety and is good for canning. 4. Bombai : It is a commercial variety from Bihar state. It is also known as Malda in West Bengal and Bihar. Fruit size is medium, shape ovate oblique and colour is yellow. Fruit quality and keeping quality are medium. It is an early season variety.

Bombay Green : It is commonly grown in north India due to its early fruiting quality. It is also called Malda in northern India. Fruit size is medium, shape ovate oblong and fruit colour is spinach green. Fruit quality is good and keeping quality is medium. It is a very early season variety.

Dashehari : This variety derives its name from the village Dashehari near Lucknow. It is a leading commercial variety of north India and one of the best varieties of our country. The fruit size is small to medium, shape is oblong oblique and fruit colour is yellow. Fruit quality is excellent and keeping quality is good. It is a mid season variety and is mainly used for table purpose.

Fajri : This variety is commonly grown in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal. Fruit is very large, obliquely oval in shape. Fruit colour is light chrome. Fruit quality and keeping quality are medium. This is a late season variety.

Fernandin : This is one of the oldest varieties of Bombay. Some people think that this variety originated in Goa. Fruit size is medium to large, fruit shape is oval to obliquely oval and fruit colour is yellow with a blush of red on shoulders. Fruit quality and keeping quality are medium. It is a late season variety mostly used for table purpose.

Himsagar : This variety is indigenous to Bengal. This is one of the choicest varieties of Bengal and has gained extensive popularity. Fruit is of medium size, ovate to ovate oblique in shape. Fruit colour is yellow. Fruit quality and keeping quality are good. It is an early season variety.

Kesar :   This is a leading variety of Gujarat with a red blush on the shoulders. Fruit size is medium, shape oblong and keeping quality is good. It is an early season variety.

Kishen Bhog : This variety is indigenous to Murshidabad in West Bengal. Fruit size is medium, fruit shape oval oblique and fruit colour is yellow. Fruit quality and keeping quality are good. It is a mid season variety.

Langra : This variety is indigenous to Varanasi area of Uttar Pradesh. It is extensively grown in northern India. Fruit is of medium size, ovate shape and lettuce green colour. Fruit quality is good but keeping quality is medium. It is a mid season variety.

Mankurad : This variety is of commercial importance in Goa and in the neighbouring Ratnagiri district of Maharashtra. The variety develops black spots on the skin in rainy season. Fruit is medium in size, ovate in shape and yellow in colour. Fruit quality is very good but keeping quality is poor. It is a mid season variety.

Mulgoa : This is a commercial variety of south India. It is quite popular among the lovers of mango owing to high quality of its fruit. Fruit is large in size, roundish oblique in shape and yellow in colour. Fruit quality and keeping quality are good. It is a late season variety.

Neelum : This is a commercial variety indigenous to Tamil Nadu. It is an ideal variety for transporting to distant places owing to its high keeping quality. Fruit is medium in size, ovate oblique in shape and saffron yellow in colour. Fruit quality is good and keeping quality is very good. It is a late season variety.

Samarbehisht Chausa : This variety originated as a chance seedling in the orchard of a Talukdar of Sandila district Hardoi, U.P. It is commonly grown in northern part of India due to its characteristic flavour and taste. Fruit is large in size, ovate to oval oblique in shape and light yellow in colour. Fruit quality is good and keeping quality is medium. It is a late season variety.

Suvernarekha : This is a commercial variety of Visakhapatnam district of Andhra Pradesh. Other synonyms of this variety are Sundari, Lal Sundari and Chinna Suvernarekha. Fruit is medium in size and ovate oblong in shape. Colour of the fruit is light cadmium with a blush of jasper red. Fruit quality is medium and keeping quality is good. It is an early season variety.

Vanraj : It is a highly prized variety of Vadodra district of Gujarat and fetches good returns. Fruit is medium in size, ovate oblong in shape and colour is deep chrome with a blush of jasper red on the shoulders. Fruit quality and keeping quality are good. It is a mid season variety.

Zardalu : This variety is indigenous to Murshidabad in West Bengal. It derives its name from Zardalu, a dry fruit popular in North West Frontier Province and Sindh in Pakistan owing to similarity in shape. Fruit size is medium, oblong to obliquely oblong and golden yellow in colour. Fruit quality is very good. Keeping quality is medium. It is a mid season variety.

Hybrids

1.

Mallika

Mallika (Neelum x Dashehari)
Developed By: IARI, New Delhi in the year 1971 (Institute Variety Release Committee)

Worlds first mango hybrid released for with commercial cultivation. Regular in bearing with semi-vigorous growth habit. Size of the fruit large (307g), good taste (TSS 24 ºBrix), fibreless with good flavour. Fruits ready for harvest by the 3rd week of July in northern India. Suitable for processing and export. It has become a major commercial export variety of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal.

Yield : 18-20 kg per tree (10th year).

2.

Amrapali

Amrapali (Dashehari x Neelum)
Developed By: IARI, New Delhi in the year 1979 (Institute Variety Release Committee)

Distinctly dwarf, highly regular and precocious. Fruits regular for harvest by the 3rd week of July in northern India. Fruit size small to medium (120 to 160g) and fibreless. It has high TSS (22.8 ºBrix) and ß-caratene content (16,830 µg/100g pulp). Suitable for blending mango pulp. Ideal for high density planting (1,600 plants per ha).

Yield : 15-20 kg per tree (10th year).

3.

Pusa Peetamber

Pusa Peetamber (Amrapali x Lal Sundari)
Developed By: IARI, New Delhi in the year 2001 (through Institute Variety Release Committee).

It is regular bearer, semi-vigorous and suitable for closer planting (278 plants/ha). Fruits are having attractive ablong shape, bright yellow peel. It is moderately resistant to mango malformation and major insect pests of mango. The fruits weight about 213 g with attractive yellow peel colour with higher juicy pulp (73.6%). It has medium total soluble solids (18.8%), rich in vitamin C (39.8 mg/100 g pulp) and ß-carotene content (11,737 µg/100g pulp).

Yield: 20-25 kg per tree.

4.

Pusa Shreshth

Pusa Shreshth (Amrapali x Sensation)
Developed By: IARI, New Delhi in the year 2011 (SVRC, Delhi)

It is unique hybrid having regularity in bearing, attractive elongated shape, red peel and orange pulp. Plants are semi-vigorous and suitable for closer planting (6m x 6m). Fruit medium sized (228g) with attractive red peel colour and higher pulp content (71.9%). The total soluble solids are 20.3%, vitamin C (40.3mg/100g pulp) and ß-carotene content (10,964 ug/100g pulp). It has pleasant flavour with self life (7 to 8 days) at room temperature. It is suitable for domestic market as well as international market

Yield : 20-22 kg per tree

5.

Pusa Surya

Pusa Surya (Selection from Eldon)
Developed By: IARI, New Delhi in the year 2002 (SVRC, Delhi)

Trees semi-dwarf and suitable for closer planting (6m x 6m). Fruit ripens by mid-July in northern India, medium to large (260 to 290 g) with attractive apricot-yellow peel colour with pink-blush. Pulp with medium TSS (19.0 °Brix) with long shelf-life (10 to 12 days) at room temperature after ripening. Suitable for both domestic and international markets.

Average Yield:   12-15 kg per tree (10th year)

6.

Pusa Arunima

Pusa Arunima (Amrapali x Sensation)
Developed By: IARI, New Delhi in the year 2002 (SVRC, Delhi)

Regular bearer, semi-vigorous and suitable for closer planting (6 m x 6 m). Fruits medium to large in size (230 to 250 g) with attractive red peel and medium TSS (19.5 °Brix). It is suitable for both domestic and international markets, with long shelf-life (10 to 12 days) at room temperature after ripening.

Yield : 15-20 kg per tree (10th year).

7.

Pusa Lalima

Pusa Lalima (Dashehari x Sensation)
Developed By: IARI, New Delhi in the year 2011 (through Institute Variety Release Committee)

Regular bearer, semi-vigorous and are suitable for closer planting. Fruits are attractive in shape and having red peel and orange pulp. The fruit (209 g) having attractive red peel colour and higher pulp content (70.1%). Pulp with medium total soluble solids (19.7%), vitamin C (34.7 mg/100 g pulp) and high ß-carotene content (13,028 µg/100 g pulp). It has good flavour with shelf life (5 to 6 days) at room temperature. It is suitable for domestic market as well as international market.

Yield: 50-60 kg per trees.

8.

Pusa Pratibha

Pusa Pratibha (Amrapali x Sensation)
Developed By: IARI, New Delhi in the year 2012

It is a unique hybrid (Amrapali x Sensation) having regularity in bearing, attractive fruit shape, bright red peel and orange pulp. It has 7 to 8 days shelf- life at room temperature after ripening. The plants are semi-vigorous and about 278 plants of this hybrid may be accommodated in a hectare (6 m x 6 m) as against 100 plants of Dushehari (10 m x 10 m). On per plant basis, it yields about 3.0 times higher than Dushehari, which includes ‘On’ and ‘Off’ year fruiting. It has good sugar: acid blend and above all uniformity in fruit size, which is lacking in Amrapali.

9.

Arka Anmol

Arka Anmol (Alphonso x Janardhan Pasand)
Developed By: IIHR, Bengaluru

It is a semi-vigorous type, regular bearing and is amenable for high density planting. It is a late season variety, fruits coming to harvest during second to third week of June. Fruits are oblong in shape, medium sized, weighing on an average about 300-330 g. Stalk is inserted vertically. Fruits on maturity will be dull green in colour, attaining uniform golden yellow colour on ripening. Skin is thin and smooth. Pulp is orange coloured, firm and free from fibre and spongy tissue with good sugar-acid blend. TSS is around 19 °Brix. The pulp recovery is about 70-75%. Keeping quality is good.

10.

Arka Neelkiran

Arka Neelkiran (Alphonso x Neelum)
Developed By: IIHR, Bengaluru

It is the progeny from the cross Alphonso x Neelum. It is a late season variety, fruits come to harvest during last week of June. Tree is semi-vigorous in nature. Fruit is elliptic in shape, medium sized weighing on an average about 270-280g. Fruit stalk is inserted vertically. Fruits on ripening get golden yellow blush. Skin is smooth, medium thick. The pulp is deep yellow in colour and firm. It is free from fibre and spongy tissue. Pulp recovery is 70%. Keeping quality is good.

11.

Arka Puneet

Arka Puneet (Alphonso x Banganapalli)
Developed By: IIHR, Bengaluru

It is a mid- season variety. Plants are vigorous and regular bearing. Fruit stalk is attached vertically. Fruits are elliptical and on ripening become yellow coloured with red blush. Pulp is firm, orange coloured and is free from fibre and spongy tissue. TSS is around 21°Brix. The pulp recovery is about 65-70%. Keeping quality is good.

12.

Arka Aruna

Arka Aruna (Banganapalli x Alphonso)
Developed By: IIHR, Bengaluru

Fruit weighs on an average about 500 g. Pulp is pale yellow in colour, free from fibre and spongy tissue. Pulp recovery is about 80%. TSS is around 20°Brix. Regular bearing, dwarf statured, suitable for backyard planting, and amenable for 5 x 5 m planting, a mid- season variety.

13.

Arka Udaya

Arka Udaya (Arka Amprapali x Arka Anmol)
Developed By: IIHR, Bengaluru

It is a sweet, high-yielding variety of mango with a long shelf-life. It can stay fresh at room temperature for about 10 days without refrigeration. It is a late-season variety and yields after other mango fruit trees have stopped fruition. The tree bears fruit every year. The yield was high at around eight tonnes. The trees were planted at a density of five by five metres.  

14.

Arka Neelachal Kesari

Arka Neelachal Kesari (Clonal selection)
Developed By: CHES (IIHR), Bhubaneshwar

Extra early (ripening in March), Colour, high yield and fruit fly free in coastal Orissa. TSS 18 °Brix, excellent fruit quality, fruit weight 200-230g, crimson red fruit colour, free from fruit fly and malformation.

Yield: 50-60 kg/tree (10 year old)

15.

Sonpari

Sonpari (Alphonso x Baneshan)
Developed By: NAU, Navsari in the year 2000 from Agriculture Experimental Station, Paria

This mango hybrid was developed by taking Alphonso as female parent and Baneshan as male parent. The trees of Sonpari are vigorous in growth, heavy yielder and regular in bearing. The fruits are obliquely oval in shape like Baneshan, big in size weighing 360–550g. The TSS is more than19.5% with lower acidity 0.18% and higher total sugars 14.46%. The keeping quality is very good and fruits remain in good condition for more than 10 days at room temperature. The fruits mature in second week of June.

16.

Neelphonso

Neelphonso (Neelam x Alphonso)
Developed By: NAU, Navsari in the year 1986 from Agriculture Experimental Station, Paria

The mango hybrid Neelphonso was released in the year 1986 from AES, NAU, Paria. This hybrid is moderate regular in bearing but have late bearing tendency. The fruits ready for the harvest in July-August and when most of the mango variety will be harvested. The oval oblique shaped fruits of Neelphonso are medium in size weighing about 200g. The skin colour on ripening becomes apricot yellow while the pulp becomes orange yellow. Due to thick, smooth skin the fruits do not get damaged by rain. The fruits are free from spongy tissue disorder and are moderate resistant against fruit fly. The pulp texture firm, non-fibrous, highly suited for table and juice purpose with excellent keeping quality. The TSS is more than 21.5% with lower acidity 0.18% and higher total sugars 14.42%.

17.

Neeleshwari

Neeleshwari (Neelam x Dashehari)
Developed By: NAU, Navsari in the year 1986 from Agriculture Experimental Station, Paria

This mango hybrid was released in the year 1986 from AES, NAU, Paria. Fruit size is medium weighing about 228g with prominent sinus. The skin color on ripening turns apricot. yellow while pulp colour becomes yellow. The thin smooth skin adheres to moderately firm textured flesh. The non-fibrous juicy pulp suited for table as well as juice purpose and has moderate keeping quality. The TSS is more than 19.00% with moderate acidity 0.21% and higher total sugars 13.90%.

18.

Neeleshan Gujarat

Neeleshan Gujarat (Neelam x Baneshan)
Developed By: NAU, Navsari in the year 1986 from Agriculture Experimental Station, Paria

It bears attractive obovoid shaped fruits heavily and regularly. The average weight of fruits is about 318g with higher pulp content of 76%. On ripening the skin become cadmium yellow while the pulp becomes attractive golden yellow in colour. The fruit skin is thin, smooth, moderate adhering to pulp with firm non-fibrous texture. Fruit TSS is 16-17% with moderate acidity 0.21% and total sugars 13.09%. The fruits are suited for table purpose and have very good keeping quality of more than 10 days after ripening.

19.

Ratna

Ratna (Neelum x Alphonso)
Developed By: DBSKKV, Dapoli in the year 1981

Regular bearer, large size ovate shape, slightly elongated fruits, beak absent, greenish orange colour with prominent oil glands, orange colour flesh excellent taste, free from spongy tissue, excellent for processing as well as table purpose, cluster bearing habits.

Yield: 250-300 fruits/tree

20.

Sindhu

Sindhu (Ratna x Alphonso )
Developed By: DBSKKV, Dapoli in the year 1992

Thin stone (6-7 g), higher percentage of pulp, regular bearer, attractive red blush on fruits, free from spongy tissue cluster bearing habit.

Yield: 200-250 fruits/tree

21.

Konkan Ruchi

Konkan Ruchi (Neelum x Alphonso)
Developed By: DBSKKV, Dapoli in the year 1999

Regular bearer, large fruit size, thick skin, acidic, best for pickle purpose.

Yield: 250 fruits per tree

22.

Suvarna

Suvarna (Alphonso x Neelum)
Developed By: DBSKKV, Dapoli in the year 2009

It has good qualities of Alphonso and has tendency to bear every year like Neelum, it has cluster bearing habit, high percentage of hermaphrodite flowers in panicle.

Yield: 260-280 fruits per tree

23.

Konkan Raja

Konkan Raja (Bangalora x Himayuddin)
Developed By: DBSKKV, Dapoli in the year 2010

Konkan Raja is a cross combination between Bangalora and Himayuddin. This variety has better fruit size (616 g) than parents Bangalora (170.3 g) and Himayuddin (350 g). Less sour due to less acidity 0.19% and TSS 8.50 °Brix of unripe fruits. It is best for salad purpose. This variety has high percentage of perfect flowers (28.8 %), regular bearer having higher pulp percentage (83 %) than the parents Bangalora (72.68 %) and Himayiddin (6807 %) early maturing and good attractive shape and colour. The average yield is (65.85 kg/plant).

24.

Konkan Samrat

Konkan Samrat (Alphonso x Tommy Atkins)
Developed By: DBSKKV, Dapoli in the year 2014

It is a cross combination between Alphonso and Tommy Atkins. Hence female parent in Alphonso & male parent in Tommy Atkins. This variety has better plant growth than Alphonso and Tommy Atkins. Medium fruit size (284.50 g) as compared to the Alphonso (250 g) and Tommy Atkins (484 g). The pulp percentage (73.28) is similar to Alphonso (74.60 %) and Tommy Atkins (71.79 %). Good T.S.S. (20.03 0Brix). This variety has high percentage of perfect flowers (27.52 %). Regular bearing, cluster bearing, spongy tissue free and low fibre. This is second hybrid having Alphonso as female parent and first hybrid of exotic parent. This variety is ideal for table purpose.

25.

Ambika

Ambika (Amrapali x Janardan Pasand)
Developed By: CISH, Lucknow in the year 2000

Fruits oblong oval, colour bright yellow with dark red blush, pulp dark yellow, firm with scanty fibre and weighs about 300-350g. TSS is 21°B. It is a regular bearing variety and late in maturity. The hybrid has potential for both internal and export markets because of its attractive fruit colour.

Yields about 80 kg/plant by about 10 years of planting under improved cultural practices.

26.

Arunika

Arunika (Amrapali x Vanraj)
Developed By: CISH, Lucknow in the year 2008

The tree produces dwarf and compact canopy. Fruits are smooth, orange yellow with red blush, weigh about 190-210 g, medium sized, ovate oblique, pulp orange yellow, firm with scanty fibre, pulp about 65%, TSS 24.6 °B. The hybrid has potential for both internal and export markets because of its attractive fruit colour.

Average fruit yield is about 69 kg/plant at 8 years of planting.

27.

Dashehari 51

Dashehari 51 (Clone of Dashehari)
Developed By: CISH, Lucknow

A regular bearing and high yielding clone of Dashehari was selected by exploiting clonal variability. Besides bearing regular crop every year, this clone gives 38 per cent more yield than other Dashehari trees.

28.

PKM 1

PKM 1 (Chinnaswarnarekha x Neelum)
Developed By: TNAU, HCRI-Periyakulam in the year 1981

This is clonal selection from the hybrid, Chinnaswarnarekha and Neelum. Regular bearer during both on and off years, suitable for long distance transport, fruit weight 250-300 g, long, narrow with prominent beak.

Yield - 336 fruit(102.7kg/tree/ha).

29.

PKM 2

PKM 2 (Neelum x Mulgoa)
Developed By: TNAU, HCRI-Periyakulam in the year 1990

PKM 2 is hybrid of Neelum and Mulgoa. Large size fruits (681.3 g) high pulp content (67.5% ), abundant juice, pleasant flavour, good keeping quality with high TSS.

 The fruit comes to harvest during May.

30.

Paiyur 1

Paiyur 1 (Clonal selection from Neelum)
Developed By: in the year 1992

This is a clonal selection from Neelum variety of mango from Karukkanchavadi village of Kaveripattinam, Dharmapuri district. Trees are dwarf, low spreading and suitable for high density planting (400 trees/ha as against the recommended 100 tress/ha). Orchard management practices including harvesting are easy to perform because of short stature of the trees. This is a regular bearer with a mean yield of 22.3 kg per tree (8929 kg/ha) at nine years after planting. Fruits are medium long, ovate with yellow skin. Fruits have excellent taste with good keeping quality. Fruits are medium in size with an average weight of 150g - 200g.

31.

Prabhashanker

Prabhashanker (Bombai x Kalapadi)
Developed By: BAU, Sabaur in the year 1951

Prabhashankar is one of the most adaptable varieties for Bihar, having high yield potential to meet the demand of suitable mango varieties in the state. This is the 1st hybrid mango variety developed in the world by crossing Bombai with Kalapadi, released in the year 1951.

This is a medium size tree resembles Bombai in shape, but superior than Bombai in respect to yield and fruit quality parameters. Regular bearing, fruit size 9.2 × 6.9 cm, average fruit weight 192.5 g, greenish yellow colour of peel at ripening, yellowish orange pulp colour at ripening, pulp content 64.1%, TSS 23.0 °Brix and acidity 0.24%

Average Yield: 15 years old tree gives 1.0-1.25 quintal fruit

32.

Mahmood Bahar

Mahmood Bahar (Bombai x Kalapadi)
Developed By: BAU, Sabaur in the year 1951

Mahmood Bahar is one of the most adaptable varieties for Bihar, having high yield potential to meet the demand of quality materials along with high yield potentials. This is the 1st hybrid mango variety along with Prabhashankar, developed in the world by crossing Bombai with Kalapadi, released in the year 1951.

This is a Sturdy and medium size tree. Fruits are small in size, fibreless with excellent fruit quality for table purpose. Regular bearing, fruit size 8.8 × 7.1 cm, average fruit weight 210 g, yellowish green colour of peel at ripening, yellowish orange pulp colour at ripening, pulp content 71%, TSS 22.0 °Brix and acidity 0.25%

Average Yield: 15 years old tree gives 1.0-1.25 quintal fruit

33.

Jawahar

Jawahar (Gulabkhas x Mahmood Bahar)
Developed By: BAU, Sabaur in the year 1980

This is a Semivigorous, precocious, regular bearing variety with high pulp content. It is less fibrous and very sweet in taste. Regular bearing, fruit size 12.5 × 7.2 cm, average fruit weight 215 g, yellow with reddish tint at the top peel colour at ripening, yellow pulp colour at ripening, pulp content  79.5%, TSS 22.5 °Brix and acidity 0.14%

Average Yield: 15 years old tree gives 1.25-1.50 quintal fruit

34.

Alfazli

Alfazli (Alphonso x Fazli)
Developed By: BAU, Sabaur in the year 1980

Alfazli is one of the most adaptable varieties for Bihar, having high yield potential to meet the demand of quality materials along with high yield potentials. This is a hybrid variety developed by crossing Alphonso × Fazli, released in the year 1980. This variety having tall tree size, fruits are bigger in size, similar to Fazli with better quality than Fazli. Regular bearing, fruit size 12.2 × 7.7 cm, average fruit weight 460 g, yellowish green peel colour at ripening, light yellow pulp colour at ripening, pulp content  79%, TSS 18.5 °Brix and acidity 0.24%

Average Yield: 15 years old tree gives 1.00-1.10 quintal fruit

35.

Sunder Langra

Sunder Langra (Langra? x Sunder Prasad)
Developed By: BAU, Sabaur in the year 1980

It has high yield potential with quality similar to Langra and regular bearing in nature. This is a hybrid variety developed by crossing Langra × Sunder Prasad, released in the year 1980. Regular bearing, fruit size 10.5 × 7.5 cm, average fruit weight 240 g, yellowish red peel colour at ripening, light orange pulp colour at ripening, pulp content  75.8%, TSS 22 °Brix and acidity 0.19%

Average Yield: 15 years old tree gives 1.10-1.25 quintal fruit

36.

Sabari

Sabari (Gulabkhas x Bombai)
Developed By: BAU, Sabaur in the year 1989

Regular bearer, Peel colour: red, Pulp colour: reddish yellow, Avg. Fruit Wt. 153g., Pulp content: 74%, TSS-22.5%

37.

Menaka

Menaka (Selection from Gulabkhash)
Developed By: BAU, Sabaur in the year 1994

It is one of the suitable varieties for the agro-climatic condition of Bihar with high yield potential and very good quality. This is developed as a seedling selection from Gulabkhas, released in the year 1994. Regular bearing, fruit size 15 × 9.2 cm, average fruit weight 300 g, yellow peel colour at ripening, deep yellow pulp colour at ripening, pulp content  75%, TSS 20 °Brix and acidity 0.14%

Average Yield: 15 years old tree gives 1.0-1.25 quintal fruit

38.

Subhash

Subhash (Chance seedling selection from Zardalu)
Developed By: BAU, Sabaur in the year 1994

Its fruits are similar to Langra in respect to shape and size with quality resembles to Zardalu. This is developed as a seedling selection from Zardalu, released in the year 1994. Regular bearing, fruit size 11 × 7.7 cm, average fruit weight 220 g, deep yellow peel colour at ripening, yellow pulp colour at ripening, pulp content  66.1%, TSS 24 °Brix and acidity 0.29%

Average Yield: 15 years old tree gives 1.25-1.50 quintal fruit

39. Niranjan
Developed By: VNMKV, Parbani in the year 1984

Fruits harvested at Dussehra & Diwali, sweet pulp, regular bearer, off season bearer.

Yield: 300-500 fruits/tree

40. Parbhani Hapus
Developed By: VNMKV, Parbani in the year 1995

Regular bearer, free from spongy tissue and stone weevil, pleasant 200g/flavour, golden yellow attractive colour.

41.

Amrutang

Amrutang (This was collected from Amrutbhai Farm at Ratang village, Junagarh. )
Developed By: AAU, Anand in the year 1994

Fruit (180 g) having length 10.50 cm and width 7.50 cm and higher pulp content 81 % and pulp stone ratio 10.83:1.00. High yielder and resemble to ‘ Kesar’ variety.

Yield: 80-100 kg per tree

42.

Manjeera

Manjeera (Rumani x Neelum)
Developed By: Sangareddy

Fruits very attractive and large, looks like Rumani. It is a dwarf variety, suitable for high density planting. About 500 plants can be accommodated per hectare adopting a spacing of 4.5 m either way. Tolerant to powdery mildew and hoppers.

43. KMH-1 (Kodur mango hybrid -1) (Cherukurasam x Khader)
Developed By: Fruit Research Station, Kodur

It is a semi-dwarf type having regular bearing habit. The fruits are fibreless having high Brix and low acidity.

44.

Neeleshan

Neeleshan (Neelum x Baneshan)
Developed By: H.R.S., Anantharajupet

This hybrid was released from H.R.S., Anantharajupet. It is a hybrid between Neelum and Baneshan. The fruits are medium in size with firm fibreless flesh. The fruit matures 15 days later than Baneshan and catches the late market.

45.

Neeluddin

Neeluddin (Neelum x Himayuddin)
Developed By: Fruit Research Station, Kodur

The fruits are medium sized weighing on an average 200 g each and intermediate between the parents in shape. The skin is smooth, flesh is firm, melting and fibreless with characteristic flavor. It is abundantly juicy, very sweet in taste and rich in chemical constituents. Each tree bears 500 to 700 fruits regularly and comes to harvest in the last week of May.

46.

Neelgoa

Neelgoa (Neelum x Yerramulgoa)
Developed By: H.R.S., Anantharajupet

The fruits are akin to Neelum but bigger in size and smooth skinned. The flesh is firm, melting, fibreless, moderately juicy and very sweet in taste with a delightful flavour. The fruit weighs 270 g and is rich in nutrients. It has a regular bearing habit and produces 1000 fruits just like Neelum and comes to harvest in the month of May.

47.

Swarna Jehangir

Swarna Jehangir (Chinnasuvarnarekha x Jehangir )
Developed By: Fruit Research Station, Kodur

The fruit resembles Jehangir in shape and skin characters, but slightly less in size weighing 230 g. The flesh is moderately firm, fibreless, abundantly juicy and very sweet with pleasant flavour. It excels both the parents in yield and bears 600 fruits. The fruits are harvested in the month of June and stands transport very well.

48.

AU Rumani

AU Rumani (Rumani x Mulgoa)
Developed By: Horticultural Research Station, Anantharajupet.

Fruit medium to large flesh melting, fibreless juice, fruit quality and bearing better than parents, stands transportation well. This hybrid was released from Horticultural Research Station, Anantharajupet.

49.

Selection 5

Selection 5 (Seedling origin)
Developed By: SKUAST, Jammu

Selection-5 (Jammu Mango) has been made from the mango tree of seedling origin. It flowers in the 3rd week of February with full bloom in first week of March. It is moderately resistant to mango malformation at flowering stage and has higher fruit set (14.66 per cent) with 446.75 number of fruits per tree which yields to 85 q ha-1 at spacing of 10 x 10 m. It has total soluble solids of 18.91 °Brix and 14.68 percent of total sugars.

50.

Sai Sugandha

Sai Sugandha (Totapuri x Kesar)
Developed By: MPKV, Rahuri in the year 1998

Late bearing, table purpose.

51. Phule Abhiruchi (Selection-GK-PM-5)
Developed By: MPKV, Rahuri in the year 2014

Good for pickle purpose.

52.

Chhattisgarh Nandiraj

Chhattisgarh Nandiraj (Clonal selection of local mango from Nayapara, Jagdalpur)
Developed By: IGKV, Raipur

 It has attractive shape, appearance and pleasant aroma. The proposed strain has an average productivity of 280 kg/tree and average fruit size 200-250 g with acid blend. It is very much comparable to Deshari and having good keeping quality and suitable for export (TSS is 21.30 Brix and total sugar is 17.87%).

53.

Pant Sinduri

Pant Sinduri (Clonal selection of Dashehari )
Developed By: GBPUAT, Pantnagar

Trees are medium in height with round top canopy. Fruit colour is yellow with pink shoulder. Average fruit weight is up to 200g. Fruit pulp is yellow with pleasant aroma. Total soluble solids vary from 16-18% with average yield up to 150 kg per tree. Fruit matures during last week of May to first week of June.

54.

Pant Chandra

Pant Chandra (Clonal selection of Dashehari )
Developed By: GBPUAT, Pantnagar

Plants are tall with erect growth habit. Fruit colour at maturity remains green.  It is a mid-season variety. Fruit weight is up to 150g. Fruit pulp is reddish yellow with total soluble solids of 18% and having pleasant aroma.

55.

Cardozo Mankurad

Cardozo Mankurad (Selection from Mankurad)
Developed By: CCARI, Goa

This germplasm is a promising selection for its attractive fruit colour, bigger fruit size (320g) with better shelf life, higher contents (78.29%) of fibreless pulp, higher fruit yield and regular bearing tendency.

56.

Dashehari 35

Dashehari 35 (Clone of Dashehari)
Developed By: SKLTSHU, Telangana

Dashehari 35 is clone of Dashehari with average fruit weight of more than 150 g. Consistency in the yield and this variety is recommended for cultivation in Telangana conditions.

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