Technologies on Mango

166

An on-farm, low cost, environmentally friendly cool chamber
Country: India
Category: Post harvest
Technologies Detail : An on-farm, low cost, environmentally friendly cool chamber, designated a Zero Energy Cool Chamber was developed in India, from locally available material. Temperatures within this chamber, which works on the basis of evaporative cooling principles, are reduced by as much as 17–18°C, with a relative humidity in excess of 90% during peak summer periods. This chamber increases shelf life and reduces wastage of bananas, mangoes, oranges, limes, grapes, tomatoes and potatoes in different situations in India.
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167

Mango Harvester
Country: India
Category: Harvesting
Technologies Detail : Cost-effective equipment for the quick and easy harvesting of mango with a pedicel length of 1–2 cm, was designed by the University of Agricultural Sciences in Bangalore. This equipment helps to prevent the flow of latex on to the fruit surface and thus prevents tissue damage.
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168

Pre-cooling technology
Country: India
Category: Post harvest
Technologies Detail : Pre-cooling technology is extensively applied in the postharvest handling of horticultural produce. Pre cooling of mangoes to 12–15°C with 500 ppm Bavistin has been shown to increase their shelf life.
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169

CA treatment of horticultural produce
Country: India
Category: Post harvest
Technologies Detail : A gas blending system was designed and fabricated at IARI, New Delhi, for the CA treatment of horticultural produce. Suvernarekha mangoes can be stored up to 42 days under modified atmospheric packaging conditions with temperature manipulation. Further, pre-storage short term exposure to CA conditions doubles the shelf life of Amrapali and Mallika mangoes even under ambient conditions.
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170

Pre-harvest sprays of chemicals
Country: India
Category: Crop Management
Technologies Detail : Pre-harvest sprays of chemicals have been applied to reduce postharvest losses in different fruits. Thiophenate methyl (0.05%) was found to effectively control postharvest losses in Dashehari mango.
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171

Pre-harvest sprays of chemicals
Country: India
Category: Crop Management
Technologies Detail : A pre-harvest spray of 10 to 15 ppm giberellic acic (GA3 ) proved useful for on-tree storage of mango by controlling maturity and delaying ripening.
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172

Arka Saka Nivaraka? - an environmentally-safe technology for prevention of spongy tissue in Alphonso mango
Country: India
Category: Crop Management
Technologies Detail : Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru, for the first time in the world, developed an environmentally-safe formulation ‘Arka Saka Nivarak’ for prevention of spongy tissue. "Arka Saka Nivaraka’ liquid formulation needs to be applied twice at pre-harvest stage between 40 to 60 per cent maturity, either by dipping the fruits (while on the tree) in solution or by spray on the fruits, @ 100 to 125ml/ litre. Dipping ensures 100 per cent prevention of spongy tissue, while, spray results in 95 to 98 per cent success as a few fruits may escape contact with the formulation. Dipping uses up lesser quantity of the formulation and is economical, while, spray consumes more volume of the formulation and is, thereby, slightly more expensive. Pre-harvest dip treatment of fruits twice between 40-60 per cent maturity stage @100 - 125ml/litre costs around 0.50 paisa/fruit, including labour charges. Fruit-dippers of various capacities have also been developed by IIHR for ease of dipping fruits while on the tree, and these dippers reach a height of upto 20' to 25' .
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173

Fruit coatings to extend the storage life
Country: India
Category: Post harvest
Technologies Detail : Pectin coating (1%) alone or MA packing of non-coated fruits in micro-perforated (0.0125%) cryovac film could alleviate CI and extend the storage life of Alphonso mangoes upto 4 weeks at 8°C followed by 1 week (including ripening) under ambient conditions (27.0-34.3°C). Integration of both the treatments had no additional beneficial effect

Modified Atmosphere packaging of Mango ( Alphonso and Banganpalli)

Mangoes individulaly packed in micro perforated PE or PP Films extend the storage life to 1 month at 8 degree C with out chilling injury.


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174

Tractor operated hydraulic platform ? pruning
Country: India
Category: Crop Management
Technologies Detail : This tractor operated hydraulic platform is having a variable height of upto 6m. The fruits can be easily harvested from a height of 9-10m. The platform can also be used for pruning and spraying of the orchards.

  • To rejuvenate senile orchard through pruning
  • Tractor hydraulic operated
  • Helps operator to reach 20 feet
  • Engine operated pruners are used for pruning
  • Capacity : 1 - 2 trees / hour

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175

Tractor operated hydraulic platform - Spraying
Country: India
Category: Crop Management
Technologies Detail :

  • To do spraying operation in orchard
  • Tractor operated sprayer fitted with spray tank in trailer
  • Helps operator to reach 20 feet
  • Capacity: Approx. 5 min / tree

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176

Dipping tool for spongy tissue
Country: India
Category: Crop Management
Technologies Detail :

  • Arka Saka Nivirak of 125 ml / litre of water
  • 40-60 % maturity stage of fruits at 10 days intervals
  • 15 seconds to treat one or two mangoes
  • Cost of IIHR Mango Fruit Dipping Tool is Rs.3000
  • Cost of operation : Rs.0.50 – 0.60 per fruit dipping
  • Rs. 1.25 per fruit in spraying

 


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177

Tractor Hydrualic Operated Platform for Harvesting
Country: India
Category: Harvesting
Technologies Detail :

  • Operators can harvest mango by hand plucking, using mango harvester branch shaking using collecting net
  • Helps operator to reach upto 20 feet
  • Platform can be stopped at desired height
  • Capacity: 500 – 750 kg/ h

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178

Mango Size Grader
Country: India
Category: Post harvest
Technologies Detail :

  • Grades mangoes into 4 sizes
  • Pipes with divergent gap used to do size grading
  • Dumped mangoes roll on the pipes gravitationally to slope
  • Capacity: 1 tonne/h

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179

Hot Water Treatment Plant for Mango
Country: India
Category: Post harvest
Technologies Detail :

  • Hot water tub with electric heaters to treat in crates
  • Control of Fruitfly – 46°C for 65 minutes duration
  • Control of Anthracnose – 52°C for 10 minutes duration
  • Capacity - 1 tonne/hour for control of anthracnose
  • 200 kg/hour for control of fruitfly

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180

Hot Water Treatment Plant- Integration of Solar Hot Water System
Country: India
Category: Post harvest
Technologies Detail : Evacuated tube type solar hot water system of 1000 l has been integrated with mango hot water treatment plant to save electrical energy 30-45 % depending on the temperature.
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