Technologies on Mango

136

Maturity indices of fruit
Country: Australia
Category: Harvesting
Technologies Detail : Due to differences among mango types, diversity of cultivars, and diversity of production conditions, there is no consensus on maturity indices. It is important that maturity indices be established for cultivar, growing region, and purpose of harvest. For example, in Australia, flesh colour is combined with skin colour and dry matter content.
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137

Maturity indices of fruit
Country: Mexico
Category: Harvesting
Technologies Detail : Due to differences among mango types, diversity of cultivars, and diversity of production conditions, there is no consensus on maturity indices. It is important that maturity indices be established for cultivar, growing region, and purpose of harvest. In Mexico and Central and South America, flesh colour is used to determine when to harvest an orchard, while fruit shape (shoulder development) and skin colour are used to determine which fruit to pick.
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138

Maturity indices of fruit
Country: Central America
Category: Harvesting
Technologies Detail : Due to differences among mango types, diversity of cultivars, and diversity of production conditions, there is no consensus on maturity indices. It is important that maturity indices be established for cultivar, growing region, and purpose of harvest. In Mexico and Central and South America, flesh colour is used to determine when to harvest an orchard, while fruit shape (shoulder development) and skin colour are used to determine which fruit to pick.
Data is being collected from Click here

139

Maturity indices of fruit
Country: South America
Category: Harvesting
Technologies Detail : Due to differences among mango types, diversity of cultivars, and diversity of production conditions, there is no consensus on maturity indices. It is important that maturity indices be established for cultivar, growing region, and purpose of harvest. In Mexico and Central and South America, flesh colour is used to determine when to harvest an orchard, while fruit shape (shoulder development) and skin colour are used to determine which fruit to pick.
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140

Modified and Controlled Atmospheres (MA and CA)
Country: Malaysia
Category: Post harvest
Technologies Detail : Modified or controlled atmospheres (lower levels of O2 and/or higher levels of CO2 compared to those found in normal air) have been shown to be beneficial in delaying ripening and controlling diseases and insects of mangoes. Use of CA and MA can be beneficial in delaying fruit ripening during long-distance marine transport for 2 weeks or more, but use is limited by the expense and by MA/CA container availability.

Optimum controlled atmosphere storage conditions for Chok Anant mango variety:

Cultivars

Country

Recommended CA

Storage temperature

Storage life

O2

kPa

CO2

kPa

(°C)

(days)

Chok Anant

Malaysia

2 or 5

0

15

28

 


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141

Modified and Controlled Atmospheres (MA and CA)
Country: Thailand
Category: Post harvest
Technologies Detail : Modified or controlled atmospheres (lower levels of O2 and/or higher levels of CO2 compared to those found in normal air) have been shown to be beneficial in delaying ripening and controlling diseases and insects of mangoes. Use of CA and MA can be beneficial in delaying fruit ripening during long-distance marine transport for 2 weeks or more, but use is limited by the expense and by MA/CA container availability.

Optimum controlled atmosphere storage conditions for Rad mango variety:

Cultivars

Country

Recommended CA

Storage temperature

Storage life

O2

kPa

CO2

kPa

(°C)

(days)

Rad Thailand 6 4 13

25

 


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142

Modified and Controlled Atmospheres (MA and CA)
Country: USA
Category: Post harvest
Technologies Detail : Modified or controlled atmospheres (lower levels of O2 and/or higher levels of CO2 compared to those found in normal air) have been shown to be beneficial in delaying ripening and controlling diseases and insects of mangoes. Use of CA and MA can be beneficial in delaying fruit ripening during long-distance marine transport for 2 weeks or more, but use is limited by the expense and by MA/CA container availability.

Optimum controlled atmosphere storage conditions for Tommy Atkins variety:

Cultivars

Country

Recommended CA

Storage temperature

Storage life

O2

kPa

CO2

kPa

(°C)

(days)

Tommy Atkins USA, Chile 3-5 0-5 12-15

21-31

 


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143

Modified and Controlled Atmospheres (MA and CA)
Country: India
Category: Post harvest
Technologies Detail : Modified or controlled atmospheres (lower levels of O2 and/or higher levels of CO2 compared to those found in normal air) have been shown to be beneficial in delaying ripening and controlling diseases and insects of mangoes. Use of CA and MA can be beneficial in delaying fruit ripening during long-distance marine transport for 2 weeks or more, but use is limited by the expense and by MA/CA container availability.

Optimum controlled atmosphere storage conditions for Alphonso and Banganapalli varieties:

Cultivars

Country

Recommended CA

Storage temperature

Storage life

O2

kPa

CO2

kPa

(°C)

(days)

Alphonso India 5 5 8-13

30-45

Banganapalli India 5 3 8-13

30-45

 


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144

Modified and Controlled Atmospheres (MA and CA)
Country: Japan
Category: Post harvest
Technologies Detail : Modified or controlled atmospheres (lower levels of O2 and/or higher levels of CO2 compared to those found in normal air) have been shown to be beneficial in delaying ripening and controlling diseases and insects of mangoes. Use of CA and MA can be beneficial in delaying fruit ripening during long-distance marine transport for 2 weeks or more, but use is limited by the expense and by MA/CA container availability.

Optimum controlled atmosphere storage conditions for Irwin variety:

Cultivars

Country

Recommended CA

Storage temperature

Storage life

O2

kPa

CO2

kPa

(°C)

(days)

Irwin Japan 5 5 8-12

28

Irwin (Tree ripe) Japan 5 5-10 5-15

30

 


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145

Modified and Controlled Atmospheres (MA and CA)
Country: Senegal
Category: Post harvest
Technologies Detail :

Modified or controlled atmospheres (lower levels of O2 and/or higher levels of CO2 compared to those found in normal air) have been shown to be beneficial in delaying ripening and controlling diseases and insects of mangoes. Use of CA and MA can be beneficial in delaying fruit ripening during long-distance marine transport for 2 weeks or more, but use is limited by the expense and by MA/CA container availability.

Optimum controlled atmosphere storage conditions for Amelie and Julie varieties:

Cultivars

Country

Recommended CA

Storage temperature

Storage life

O2

kPa

CO2

kPa

(°C)

(days)

Amelie Senegal 5 5 10-12

28

Julie Senegal 5 5 10-12

28

 


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146

Modified and Controlled Atmospheres (MA and CA)
Country: Brazil
Category: Post harvest
Technologies Detail :

Modified or controlled atmospheres (lower levels of O2 and/or higher levels of CO2 compared to those found in normal air) have been shown to be beneficial in delaying ripening and controlling diseases and insects of mangoes. Use of CA and MA can be beneficial in delaying fruit ripening during long-distance marine transport for 2 weeks or more, but use is limited by the expense and by MA/CA container availability.

Optimum controlled atmosphere storage conditions for Carlota, Haden, Jasmin and Sao Quirino varieties:

Cultivars

Country

Recommended CA

Storage temperature

Storage life

O2

kPa

CO2

kPa

(°C)

(days)

Carlota Brazil 6 10 8

35

Haden Brazil 6 10 8

30

Jasmin Brazil 6 10 8

35

Sao Quirino Brazil 6 10 8

35

 


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147

Modified and Controlled Atmospheres (MA and CA)
Country: Australia
Category: Post harvest
Technologies Detail : Modified or controlled atmospheres (lower levels of O2 and/or higher levels of CO2 compared to those found in normal air) have been shown to be beneficial in delaying ripening and controlling diseases and insects of mangoes. Use of CA and MA can be beneficial in delaying fruit ripening during long-distance marine transport for 2 weeks or more, but use is limited by the expense and by MA/CA container availability.

Optimum controlled atmosphere storage conditions for Delta R2E2 and Kensington Pride varieties:

Cultivars

Country

Recommended CA

Storage temperature

Storage life

O2

kPa

CO2

kPa

(°C)

(days)

Delta R2E2 Australia 6 10 8

35

Kensington Pride Australia 6 10 8

30

 


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148

Hot air treatment
Country: Japan
Category: Post harvest
Technologies Detail : Vapour heat was approved in Japan in 1986 for the importation of mangoes from the Philippines. This treatment requires that mangoes be treated with vapor heat until the fruit surface temperature is 46 °C and the seed temperature reaches 46.5 °C, and held that way for 10 minutes.
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149

Hot air treatment
Country: Australia
Category: Post harvest
Technologies Detail : (Bactrocera tryoni) in Kensington mangoes exported from Australia to Japan. The treatment consists of raising the pulp temperature to 46.5 °C and holding it for 10 minutes.
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150

Hot air treatment
Country: USA
Category: Post harvest
Technologies Detail : The USA also approved a quarantine vapour heat treatment for the control of Mexican fruit fly (Anastrepha ludens) and other Anastrepha species in Manila mangoes from Mexico, but the hold time is 6 hours and the treatment is not used commercially; and for mangoes from Taiwan infested with the oriental fruit fly (Bactrocera dorsalis).
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Total number of results: 192, Pages:
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