International Status of Mango

(Area, Production And Productivity)

India is bestowed with a wide range of climatic conditions which is most suitable for cultivation of horticultural crops such as fruits, vegetables, flowers etc. The production of horticultural crops has been increased by 30 per cent in last five years. The continuous raise in the production of horticultural crops placed India 2nd most horticultural crop producing country after China. The contribution of India in the world area and production of fruits was 12.2 % and 12.6 % during 2012-13.

International Production and Productivity
Contribution of Different Countries in World Fruit Production

India rank second among world fruit producing countries despite its lower productivity (11.6) (Table 1). Fruit productivity of India is about half of the productivity of USA (23.3) and Indonesia (22.3), but slightly better than the world average (11.3) and equals that of China (11.6) during 2012-13.

Table-1: : Major fruit producing countries (2012-13)

Country Area (ha) Production (MT) Productivity
China 11834450 137066750 11.6
India 6982015 81285334 11.6
Brazil 2325385 38368678 16.5
USA 1137779 26548859 23.3
Indonesia 796530 17744411 22.3
Philippines 1240370 16370976 13.2
Mexico 1256730 15917806 12.7
Turkey 1102662 14974561 13.6
Spain 1539100 13996447 9.1
Italy 1125593 13889219 12.3
Others 27924521 270594597 9.7
Total 57265135 646757638 11.3

During 2009-10, mango covered 4946.31 thousand hectare area with a total production of 37124.74 thousand MT and productivity of 7.51 MT/ha. During 2009-10, mango covered 4946.31 thousand hectare area with a total production of 37124.74 thousand MT and productivity of 7.51 MT/ha. India placed top position among mango producing countries of the world and contributed 40.48% of the total world mango production during 2009-10. China with a total production of 4351.29 thousand MT and Thailand with a total production of 2550.6 thousand MT stood at second and third position among mango producing countries, respectively. The other major mango producing countries in the world during 2009-10 were Pakistan (1845.5 thousand MT), Mexico (1632.65 thousand MT), Indonesia (1287.29 thousand MT) and Brazil 1188.91 (thousand MT).

International Production and Productivity
Contribution of Different Countries in World Mango Production

Table-2: Major mango producing countries in the world (2009-10)

Country Area
(‘000ha)
Production
(‘000 MT)
Productivity
(MT/ha)
% Share in World Total Production
India 2312.30 15026.70 6.50 40.48
China 465.34 4351.29 9.35 11.72
Thailand 311.05 2550.60 8.20 6.87
Pakistan 173.70 1845.50 10.62 4.97
Mexico 174.97 1632.65 9.33 4.40
Indonesia 131.67 1287.29 9.78 3.47
Brazil 75.11 1188.91 15.83 3.20
Bangladesh 170.80 1047.85 6.13 2.82
Philippines 189.44 825.68 4.36 2.22
Nigeria 114.90 790.20 6.88 2.13
Other Countries 827.04 6578.07 7.95 17.72
World 4946.31 37124.74 7.51  

 

(Source : FAO)

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