Innovation on Mango

61

Application of oil to the stem and root of the mangotree in the bearing stage to prevent fungus and the attack by the mango hopper pest.
Country: India
Category: Crop Management
Innovation Detail : Farmers of Rajasthan apply oil to the stem and root of the mango (Mangifera indica) tree in the bearing stage. It is a common belief that this practice prevents attacks by fungus and the common mango hopper pest. However, this practice is now becoming rare because of the rising price of oil.
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62

The leaves of khakhra or Bastard teak (Butea monosperma) and neem (Azadirachta indica) for the ripening of green mangoes.
Country: India
Category: Post Harvest
Innovation Detail : In order to get a good price for the products, Mavsinghbhai Maganbhai Patel from the Dahod district of Gujarat, a Rebari, follows a particular procedure. Patel lines a big cane basket with green or dried leaves of khakhra or Bastard teak (Butea monosperma) and it is further lined with leaves of neem (Azadirachta indica). He then places the green mangoes inside and then layers once again with the leaves. After this the basket is left untouched for seven days. The mangoes get the usual red and golden yellow hue soon after this procedure. People in this area have been following this practice for many years.
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63

Control of Flower Dropping in Mango
Country: India
Category: Crop Management
Innovation Detail : A circular trench is dug at a distance of one foot from the tree trunk at the time of flowering. Approximately 60-80 litres buttermilk and two kg of salt are mixed and pour it in the trench surrounding the tree. After an hour or so when the buttermilk gets absorbed, fresh water is added to the trench. The practice is repeated after a week or so. This practice reduces dropping of flowers and improves quality of mango.
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64

Use of Joil oil in preventing fungus and attack by the common mango hopper pest in the mango tree.
Country: India
Category: Crop Management
Innovation Detail : Farmers apply joil to the stem and root of the mango tree in the bearing stage. It is a common belief that this practice prevents attacks by fungus and the common mango hopper pest. However , this practice is now becoming rare because of the rising price of oil.
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65

Mangoes all year round
Country: India
Category: Production
Innovation Detail : To get off-season fruits from a mango tree, fertilize it with manure mixed with navsagar and lime. To increase the fruiting of the mango tree, dig a circular pit to a depth of 30 to 40cm. in the basin. The soil from this pit should be removed and the roots of the tree exposed. The line roots are cut but the bigger roots are not damaged. The roots are exposed for 7-8 days. Manure is applied to the pit and it is then filled with soil. This prevents the dropping of mango flowers and increases the number of fruits on the tree. To impart an attractive colour, mango fruits are mixed with red onion and kept between layers of straw. (They are covered with straw to increase the temperature inside.)
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66

Fruit-abscission control in mango
Country: India
Category: Crop Management
Innovation Detail : Fruit-abscission takes a very heavy toll on the mango crop. To stop premature fall of mango fruits, many farmers of Mavli Tehsil of Rajasamand district make a shallow depression in the upper surface of one of the thickest branches and fill it with mustard oil. Gradually the tree absorbs the oil. This treatment is believed to check fruit abscission in mango.
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67

Organic farming practices for Mango
Country: India
Category: Production
Innovation Detail : Organic farming practices for Mango Black soil is applied around the 6 years mango tree. 1 tractor load of black soil is to be applied for 10 trees i.e. 50-75 kg per tree. The top soil is taken for 1/2 ft and black soil is mixed with this top soil applied. This helps in increasing soil moisture and water holding capacity of the soil. Organic matter in the soil is also made available to the mango tree. This will inturn automatically nourish the plant and increase the yield. Benefits: This helps in increasing soil moisture and water holding capacity of the soil. Organic matter in the soil is also made available to the mango tree. This will inturn automatically nourish the plant and increase the yield.
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68

Ripening of Mangoes by Natural Method
Country: India
Category: Post Harvest
Innovation Detail : Ripening of Mangoes by Natural Method Earlier days mangoes are riped by neem leaves. In this method neem leaves are spread over the floor and mangoes are placed. Then mangoes are covered with again neem leaves. Moisture in the leaves and the mangoes deteriorates the fruits i.e., rottening of fruits occured. So a new method was innovated. Paddy straw is spread over the floor over this news paper is spread. Above this layer mangoes are placed. Then these mangoes are covered with news paper and paddy straw layer. The riped fruits obtained from this method are attractive in colour and also delicious.
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69

Control of Termite
Country: India
Category: Crop Management
Innovation Detail : Naranbhai Sarvaliya of Surendranagar (Gujarat) confirms prevention is better than cure. Even before transplanting mango (Mangifera indica) and black plum (Syzygium cumini), he puts two kilograms of castor (Ricinus communis) oilcake in the pits dug up for transplanting either mango or black plum saplings. This he does to ensure that termites do not attack the roots of the two important fruit trees. The addition of oil cake is intended to prevent possible termite attack on the fruit trees. Termites apparently do not relish the bitterness of castor even near the delicious fruit trees.
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70

Herbal cure to treat worm infestation in animals
Country: India
Category: Miscellaneous
Innovation Detail : For the treatment of worm infestation in animals, Ramrakshpulsinh Thakore of Banswara (Rajasthanhas) has an elaborate herbal cure. He takes the bark or twigs of five trees for the preparation. These include mango (Mangifera indica), "kadva" plant, sadad (Terminalia arjuna), black pulp (Syzygium cumini) and teak (Tectona grandis). The exact proportion is 200 gram bark of mango, 200 gram bark of sadad (Terminalia arjuna) plant, 200 gram of black pulp (Syzygium cumini) and 200 gram pulp of teak (Tectona grandis). These are crushed together properly and 1.5 litres of water is added. The solution is boiled for two to three minutes and allowed to cool and filtered. The filtrate of 400 millilitres is drenched to the animal twice in one day. This gives relief to the animal. The treatment is same for the calf. This is a traditional practice.
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71

To treat fracture leg in an animal
Country: India
Category: Miscellaneous
Innovation Detail : Ramrakshpulsinh Thakore of Rajasthan prepares an elaborate cure to treat fracture of leg in animals. He takes 100 gram knot of sponge tree (Prosopis cineraria), 100 gram bark of white gulmohur (Delonix elata), and 100 gram root of alfa grass (Desmostachya bipinnata). These are crushed, water is added, filtered and the solution is drenched to the animal. This is one part of the cure. Second, 100 gram of bitter gourd plant is burnt and reduced to ashes.To this 500 millilitre water and two eggs of hen are added and the solution is drenched to the animal. Third, 250 gram leaves of a barren mango tree (Mangifera indica) are crushed and a paste is prepared. This is applied on the fractured part of the leg. Simultaneously, bamboo sticks are placed on the fractured part and the paste is put in place and badaged. Every alternate day, the two solutions listed as first and second part of the medication are continued to be drenched to the animal three times. The bandage is removed only after 10 to 15 days. After the complete procedure, the fractured leg of the animal becomes all right.
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72

Use of ocher and brilliant gardenia (Gardenia resinifera) for termite control
Country: India
Category: Crop Management
Innovation Detail : Brilliant gardenia (Gardenia resinifera) is also called as "jangali champo" in the forest area of Dang and Chhota Udaipur. This plant is 3 to 6 ft in height and bears white coloured fragrant flowers in the month of October. Fruit setting starts during the month of December and lasts up to the month of February. Seeds are light green in colour. About 150 to 250 g brilliant gardenia seeds and 100 g ocher are crushed and added to 1 L of water. This mixture is smeared on the trunk of mango (Mangifera indica) up to 2 to 3 ft height from ground level. This has a repellant action, resulting in termite control. He was inspired by book "Prajaa Mitra" written by Jeebhai Kanjibhai Desai, published in 1932.
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73

Cure for stomach problems in horse with the help of powdered inflorescense (flowers) of mango and seeds of Teak (Tectona grandis)
Country: India
Category: Miscellaneous
Innovation Detail : Make a solution of 100 grams of powdered inflorescense (flowers) of mango and water and give to the horse. Alternatively powder 50 grams of seeds of Teal (Tectona grandis) and mix with water and give to the horse.
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74

Planting of banana with mango trees on usar to dissolve the kankar pan (hard pan of calcium carbonate mixed with clay) from the soil.
Country: India
Category: Crop Management
Innovation Detail : The farmers of Raibareli district in UP have observed that banana plants help in growing mango trees on usar (waste lands,Sodic/Saline Alkaline soils). When planted near the mango saplings, the banana saplings help in dissolving the kankar pan (hard pan of calcium carbonate mixed with clay) from the soil.
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75

Prevention of premature shedding of flowers and improves yield in fruits like mango
Country: India
Category: Production
Innovation Detail : Zamalsinh Dajibava Barodhara from Bharuch (Gujarat) suggests a practice that prevents prematue shedding of flowers and improves yield in mango, sapota and ber or Jujube fruit. He digs two to three feet deep trenches around the trees in such a way that small lateral rootlets are cut with minimum disturbance to primary roots. He adds approximately 20 kilogrammes of leather, 10 kilogrammes of common salt and two baskets (approximately 40 to 50 kilogrammes) of organic matter or farm yard manure in the trench surrounding the tree and then covers it with soil. This is practiced 15 days before the onset of monsoon. This increases the yield of the crop.
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