Innovation on Mango

46

Use of stones of mango fruit to increase milk production in animal.
Country: India
Category: Miscellaneous
Innovation Detail : After delivery, milch animals are unable to produce milk for many days. Along with this, animal also consumes less fodder. This results in financial damage to the farmer. To increase milk production in animal, use 200 g stones of mango fruit (Mangifera indica), which are cut into small pieces and then fed to the affected animal along with the concentrated feed for twice a day. The treatment increases 500 ml milk more in the animal.
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47

Use of jaggery, salt and leaves of mango for ephemeral fever in animal.
Country: India
Category: Miscellaneous
Innovation Detail : Due to ephemeral fever, the affected animal becomes disquietude and drools. The animal refuses the feed and gets edgy. To cure this condition, 500 g jaggery, 250 g salt and 15 g paste of mango leaves are mixed together. This paste is then applied on the body of affected animal three to five times a day and tied with the bandage. The effect of medicine can be seen in two days of the treatment. There is no side effect of the treatment. This practice has been in use from the last 10 years.
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48

Use of dry leaves of mango and castor oil (Ricinus communis) for healing the wounds of animal.
Country: India
Category: Miscellaneous
Innovation Detail : 100 g of dry leaves of mango are burned to get its ash, to which 100 g oil of castor (Ricinus communis) is mixed to make an ointment which is applied on new and old wounds of the animal.
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49

Use of ash of mango leaf and groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) oil for healing cracks on the udders of animals.
Country: India
Category: Miscellaneous
Innovation Detail : A cow or buffalo may sustain accidental injuries on the udder due to iron or wood. The udder then becomes inflamed and develops cracks. The animal feels pain during milking and so does not allow milking by stomping its feet. To treat the injury, first obtain the ash of 5-15 burned leaves of mango (Mangifera indica) . A paste is prepared by adding some drops of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) oil to the ash. The paste is then applied on the affected udder two times a day. The part is cleaned with warm water before every application of the paste.
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50

Use of mango leaves for curing diarrhoea in animal.
Country: India
Category: Miscellaneous
Innovation Detail : The animal suffering from diarrhoea frequently purges out stinking and watery faeces and remains distressed. Feeding 3 kg green mango (Mangifera indica) leaves for 2 days to the animal cures diarrhoea.
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51

Use of dried leaves of mango for anoestrus condition in animal.
Country: India
Category: Miscellaneous
Innovation Detail : There are several reasons for the animal that it may not get into the heat state. The reason may be due lack of sufficient food or intake of stale food. As informed by Mrs Shantaben Shivrambhai Patel of Mehsana (Gujarat), two kilogram dried leaves of mango are collected and fed to the affected animal. With the use of this treatment, animal comes into the heat in 18 to 20 days. It is a traditional practice.
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52

A mixture of sugar and ghee (clarified butter oil), cement or wire loop to control beetle larvae in mango.
Country: India
Category: Crop Management
Innovation Detail : Farmers cultivating mango use a practice to control beetle larvae that harms trees by boring into the trunk. A mixture of sugar and ghee (clarified butter oil) pours in the holes to attract ants. Ants are natural predators. Alternatively the larvae holes can also be cemented so that the insect suffocates inside or the larvae can be pulled out using a wire loop.
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53

Planting basil (Ocimum santum) to deter the appearance of a fruit fly in the mango fruit.
Country: India
Category: Crop Management
Innovation Detail : Plant the basil (Ocimum santum) plant throughout the mango orchard to deter the fruit fly incidence in mango.
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54

Planting of mango saplings during full moon nights (Sukla Paksha) for healthy, disease resistant trees and better fruits.
Country: India
Category: Production
Innovation Detail : Many farmers observe lunar phases for various agricultural applications. According to Ahmed Sher Khan of Kakori, Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh), mango saplings planted during full moon nights (Sukla Paksha) grow into healthy, disease resistant trees. Their fruits are milky (dudhiya) and with longer storage life. Whereas the saplings planted during the dark phase of the moon (Krishna Paksha) bear inferior, green mangoes with shorter life. These trees are also prone to diseases.
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55

Burn dry mango leaves to keeps the hoppers away.
Country: India
Category: Crop Management
Innovation Detail : Some farmers burn dry mango leaves in the orchards because they believe that the smoke keeps the hoppers away.
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56

Use of khakhra or Bastard teak (Butea monosperma) leaves to prevent the formation of black spots on the mango.
Country: India
Category: Crop Management
Innovation Detail : Tulsibhai Jivabhai Gohil from the Bhavnagar district of Gujarat uses the leaves of khakhra or Bastard teak (Butea monosperma) as a remedy for the formation of black spots on the mango. The fruit of the mango tree ripens in hot summer. When the rays of the sun fall directly on the ripening fruit, the skin of the fruit gets burnt and black marks begin to develop. The whole fruit gets spoiled. Gohil uses the leaves of Bastard teak as a remedy against this damage. He covers the fruits ripening on the tree with bowls made from the leaves of Bastard teak. This prevents the rays from falling directly on the fruits. It is a labour intensive process and some extra expenditure has to be incurred. Hence only a few people adopt this method though it can protect 60 per cent of the fruit from spoilage.
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57

Cover the trunks of the mango trees with kodara (a light cereal) straw before the monsoon.
Country: India
Category: Crop Management
Innovation Detail : Beramji Thakraji Vanzara from the Bhiloda taluka in Gujarat prevents premature fruit dropping in mango with the help of kodara straw. Mango farmers often suffer heavy losses when the crop yield declines due to inflorescence and premature fruit dropping. Vanzara covers the trunks of the mango trees with kodara (a light cereal) straw before the monsoon. This makes sure that there is good fruit setting in the next season.
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58

Dried mango leaves used as fuel in remote areas when it is difficult to collect fuel wood.
Country: India
Category: Miscellaneous
Innovation Detail : Villagers in the Malda district of West Bengal have limited sources of conventional fuel wood, so they preserve dried mango leaves which can be used as fuel when other sources are exhausted and it also takes care of fuel requirement during the monsoon season.
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59

Use of onions to ripen and preserve mangoes.
Country: India
Category: Post Harvest
Innovation Detail : Farmers of Bhavnagar (Gujarat) use onions to ripen and preserve mangoes. Neem (Azadirachta indica) leaves were also used simultaneously as an insect and pest control agent. The farmers purchase used empty tea crates, in which they place approximately 200 kilograms unripe mangoes per box, along with eight to ten bulbs of onion, which are spread randomly inside the box. Neem (Azadirachta indica) leaves are then layered at the top of the box. The farmers using this method found that the onions helped in uniform ripening of the mangoes, while the bitter smell of the neem leaves protects them from insects and other pests during storage. The onions help in uniform ripening of the mangoes, while the bitter smell of the neem leaves protects them from insects and other pests during storage.
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60

Prevention of malformations in mango through the fumigation of gugal, the gum of Indian olibanum (Boswellia serrata) plant.
Country: India
Category: Crop Management
Innovation Detail : Farmers in Gujarat prevent malformations resulting from viral or other reasons in mango through the method of fumigation. They fumigate chilli and mango by using gugal, the gum of Indian olibanum (Boswellia serrata) plant.
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