Innovation on Mango

16

Use of salt for flower drop in mango (Mangifera indica).
Country: India
Category: Crop Management
Innovation Detail : Inflorescence (flowering) is seen in mango (Mangifera indica) tree in the month of December - January. This is then followed by the attack of light ash colour fungus (powdery mildew) on the inflorescence, leading to flower drop. The fungus remains dormant during the off season on the branches of plant and becomes active at the time of flowering when humid condition prevails. To control this disease salt is used. In the month of June when the crop of mango is over, a circular trench of one feet deep is dug around the trunk of tree. This helps the prunning of root hairs of mango tree, but at the same time care is taken to prevent damage to the main roots. Thereafter about 5 to 10 kg of salt is added to the trench and then covered with soil again. This is said to stop the flower drop in mango and also offers normal yield.
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17

Use of lemon (Citrus limon) and ammonium chloride for increase production in mango (Mangifera indica) crop.
Country: India
Category: Production
Innovation Detail : To increase production in mango crop, use lemon (Citrus limon) and Ammonium chloride this is mixed together with the dung manure and applied in the root zone of the mango (Mangifera indica) crop. To prepare, dig a pit of 30 to 40 cm deep near the plant root. The roots are exposed to the air for seven to eight days. Smaller roots are removed while; the bigger roots are kept as it is. The mixed manure is filled in the pit and covered with the soil. The treatment will increase the production of mango crops.
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18

Use fish to cure fruit-dropping and deterioration of mangoes (Mangifera indica).
Country: India
Category: Crop Management
Innovation Detail : Fruit-dropping, spotting and deterioration of fruits are common problems in mango orchards. To stop fruit drop and deterioration of fruits, a pit is dug near the roots of mango tree. Dump five fish in this pit and then fill it again with soil. Fish are plenty in the monsoon season, when this treatment can be given. This prevents fruit drop, spotting and deterioration of fruits of mango orchards. This is a traditional system, followed by a number of mango farmers of the Dahod area.
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19

Use of "kunaja" leaves for controlling jassid in mango
Country: India
Category: Crop Management
Innovation Detail : To control jassid infestation in mango (Mangifera indica) crop, Maheshbhai Vasawa of Bharuch district, Gujarat boils "kunaja" leaves in water till it becomes greenish. He then filters this decoction and uses it for spraying on mango trees in proprotion of 300 g to 3 L plain water. This controls jassid infestation upto 30 percent.
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20

Use of iron sheet to reduce the squirrel menace in mango
Country: India
Category: Crop Management
Innovation Detail : At the time of flowering in mango (Mangifera indica), the menace of squirrels (Spermophilus variegatus) increases. It eats up the flowers and reduces the fruit yield. To reduce the damage by squirrels, nail a smooth iron sheet to the stem of the plant. The sheet is placed at least one or one-and-a-half metre above the ground level. Because of the block, squirrels and other animals cannot climb up the tree. Thus the mango crop is saved. This is a traditional practice learnt from forefathers.
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21

Use of raw mango (Mangifera indica), salt and sugar for "papad" making.
Country: India
Category: processing
Innovation Detail : Unripped mango (Mangifera indica) is cleaned and scrapped with a scrapper. Add water to it and boil the solution till it thickens. The semi-solid material then formed is poured in the shallow plate. Add sugar and salt as per the taste and requirement and spread it evenly. Allow it to cool which makes it slightly hard. This thin semi hard material is called as "papad". It is delicious and is rich in vitamin c
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22

Use of red ants for the control of insect pest on the mango plant.
Country: India
Category: Crop Management
Innovation Detail : Red ant is some time misunderstood as a pest of mango (Mangifera indica) crop. Actual speaking it is an benificial insect, which kills the catter pillars and also attack the birds damaging the mango fruits. Its bitting makes an burning effect and a strong irritation. Thus helping to control these pest on the mango plant. Looking to the beneficial activity of the ant, it can be exploited in the insect pest management process. About 1000 ants are kept on mango tree in plastic bag and allow to multiply there itself. The population of ants increases day by day and moves on trees. Because of less insect pest, the branches developes well and the birds do not sit on such tree. There is no side effect of this method.
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23

Use of leaves of "hermal" plant for green caterpillar and other insect pest management in mango
Country: India
Category: Crop Management
Innovation Detail : Collect the leaves and twigs of "hermal"plant and burn them. Per acre five such heaps are burned. The smoke and fume coming out saffocates the insect pest. This reduces the insect pest in fruit crops like mango (Mangifera indica) and sapota. The practice is in use for last 5 yr.
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24

Mouth freshner from Mango
Country: India
Category: processing
Innovation Detail : Gauriben Merotia of Bhavnagar, Gujarat has found a method to neutralise the acidic property and turn the kernel into a delicacy. The net result is a delicious mouth freshner from mango kernel or seed.To prepare the mouth freshning delicacy, Gauriben Merotia follows the following procedure. She takes mango shells and puts those in the sun to dry till the edges start cracking. At this point, the shells are picked up and broken open with stones to get the soft kernel out intact. The kernel is then boiled in water twice its weight. After boiling, the water is filtered and salt sprinkled on the kernels. The kernels are then cut into small pieces and roasted in clarified butter (ghee). A little "sanchar" (mineral salt) is then sprinkled on the kernel pieces. The mouthfreshener is now ready to eat. If this is like making a lemonade out of lemon, Gauriben has gone further and added a curative value to her mouthfreshener. She claims that the mouthfreshener not only takes bad breath away but also gives relief to those suffering from indigestion.
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25

Use of pure "ghee" (purified butter) for stem borer in mango
Country: India
Category: Crop Management
Innovation Detail : Stem borer is a dangerous pest of mango orchards. The grubs enter the stem of the plant and feed inside. This makes the stem hollow, and the xylem tissues are broken down, which stops the water and nutrient uptake of the plant. The plant finally dies leaving behind the dry branches. Sow dust coming out of the stem is the typical symptom of stem borer attack. To control this pest, pure "ghee" (purified butter) is applied at the hole made by the grub on the stem of the affected mango tree. The grub after some time gets lured and comes out of the hole. Collect the grubs and kill them. This controls the stem borer infestation in mango orchard.
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26

Use "aankol" (Alangium salvifolium) and mahua (Madhuca indica) for fruiting the barren mango tree.
Country: India
Category: Crop Management
Innovation Detail : If a mango tree does not yield fruits even after 7 to10 years of planting, many farmers cut off the tree considering it barren and useless. However, farmer Bhikhabhai Sonabhai of Dahod (Gujarat) gives protection to such trees. In early May, he first digs out all soil immediately around the tree till the roots are exposed. He then mixes 1 kilogram each of "aankol" (Alangium salvifolium) fruit rinds and stem bark of mahua (Madhuca indica) fascicles and spreads the mixture on all the sides. Finally, he spades in the soil again to cover the exposed roots. It has been the experience of Bhikhabhai that the tree so treated bears good and quality fruits. "Aankol" (Alangium salvifolium) is a 3 to10 metre tall, thorny tree having ash coloured bark and bearing green lanceolate leaves. Mahua (Madhuca indica) is a 10 to15 metre tall tree. It blossoms and sheds the flowers in March and develops fruit-bearing fascicles in April/ May, known as "dodi" in the Dahod area.
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27

Mango leaves, dust and salt to cure osteo-arthritis in animals
Country: India
Category: Miscellaneous
Innovation Detail : Kuwarbhai Jogaradiya of Gujarat uses mango leaves, dust and salt to cure osteo-arthritis in animals. For cure of osteo-arthritis in animals 500 gram dust is mixed with 250 gram salt and powder of mango leaves, and obviously a little water. This paste is then applied on the affected joints. Thereafter the balance portion is bandaged. The affected animal gets relief after two days of bandage. Many farmers in villages of Surendranagar have adopted this practice.
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28

Use of dried leaves of mango and groundnut oil for wound in udder of animal.
Country: India
Category: Miscellaneous
Innovation Detail : Due to wound in udder, the udder of animal swells and oozes blood and pus at the time of milking. The animal even does not allow to touch its udder and wallop its leg due to irritation. To treat this situation, dried leaves of mango (Mangifera indica) are collected and burnt on the broken earthen pot or iron sheet. This ash is collected in a small container and then mixed with the groundnut oil. This paste is applied on the udder of affected animal in morning and in the evening hours after milking. As a result, in two to three days healing starts. The treatment is continued for six to seven days to cure the problem. It is a traditional practice.
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29

Use of bark of mango, teak and heetaraa trees to treat diarrhoea in animals.
Country: India
Category: Miscellaneous
Innovation Detail : Ramanlal Palarava uses the bark of three trees to treat diarrhoea in animals. He takes 100 gram mango tree (Mangifera indica) bark, 100 gram bark of bustard teak (Butea monosperma), and 100 gram bark of "Heetaraa". The barks are crushed and mixed properly for uniformity. Then water is added to make an extract of around 200 millilitres. The solution is drenched to the animal with the help of a drench pipe twice a day, in the morning and in the evening. This gives full relief to the animal. The innovator has used the method seven to eight times for treating animals successfully. There is no side-effect. This is a traditional practice followed by farmers in Banswada villages. In case of diarrhoea, the animal shows symptoms of anorexia or dislike for feed and drinks more and water due to thirst. It suffers thin watery feces and sometimes blood is expelled with viscous feces. The animal shows restlessness and weakness. Its tail and hind legs become dirty.
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30

Use of sour mango for treatment of heat stroke in animal.
Country: India
Category: Miscellaneous
Innovation Detail : Unconsciousness, dizziness, lack of movement, anorexia toward feed and water, widening of eyes and convulsions are the common symptoms observed during heat stroke in the animal. Due to high temperature in summer, animal experiences heat stroke. It may result in death of animal sometime. As a remedy to this, five unripe and sour mangoes (Mangifera indica) are pounded and added in one liter of water. This mixture is kept for half an hour and then filtered out. The so obtained mixture is drenched twice to the affected animal at the rate of 500 ml at an interval of half an hour, which gives relief to the animal from heat stroke. This is a traditional method used by 30% the people of Valsad (Gujarat) area for last 20 yr.
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