Indian Status of Mango

(Area, Production and Productivity-Growth Pattern)

The production scenario of different fruits in India indicates that all the fruits occupied 6480 thousand ha area with 92846 thousand MT production and 14.3 MT/ha productivity during 2016-17. The total allocation to the fruits in the country has been increased from 6235 to 6480 thousand ha over the previous year, while the total production of fruits has also been increased from 89512 to 92846 thousand MT (Table 1).

Table-1: Area and Production of Fruit Crops (Area in ‘000 ha, Production in ‘000 MT and Productivity = MT/ha)

Fruits

2014-15

2015-16

2016-17

Area Production Productivity Area Production Productivity Area Production Productivity
Almond 21 10 0.5 12 8 0.7 12 8 0.7
Aonla/Gooseberry 95 1173 12.3 88 972 11.0 91 989 10.9
Apple 319 2134 6.7 277 2521 9.1 277 2242 8.1
Banana 822 29221 35.5 841 29135 34.6 858 29163 34.0
Ber 42 401 9.5 44 425 9.7 49 481 9.8
Citrus 953 11655 12.2 1024 11581 11.3 1055 12746 12.1
Custardapple 30 228 7.6 37 298 8.1 44 367 8.3
Grapes 123 2823 23.0 122 2590 21.2 136 2683 19.7
Guava 246 3994 16.2 255 4048 15.9 262 3648 13.9
Jackfruit 118 2088 17.7 151 1732 11.5 156 1826 11.7
Kiwi 5 8 1.6 4 11 2.8 4 11 2.8
Litchi 85 528 6.2 90 559 6.2 92 583 6.3
Mango 2163 18527 8.6 2209 18643 8.4 2263 19687 8.7
Muskmelon 42 863 20.5 45 935 20.8 47 962 20.5
Papaya 115 4913 42.7 132 5667 42.9 136 6108 44.9
Passion Fruit 19 129 6.8 13 78 6.0 14 79 5.6
Peach 19 97 5.1 18 107 5.9 18 107 5.9
Pear 42 303 7.2 40 323 8.1 40 312 7.8
Pican nut 1 0 0.0 1 1 1.0 1 1 1.0
Pineapple 116 1984 17.1 110 1924 17.5 121 2038 16.8
Plum 23 72 3.1 22 82 3.7 22 76 3.5
Pomegranate 181 1789 9.9 197 2306 11.7 209 2442 11.7
Sapota 106 1339 12.6 107 1294 12.1 107 1285 12.0
Strawberry 1 8 8.0 1 5 5.0 1 5 5.0
Walnut 115 238 2.1 92 229 2.5 92 228 2.5
Watermelon 84 2049 24.4 95 2325 24.5 101 2480 24.6
Others 349 2938 8.4 275 2386 8.7 272 2289 8.4
Total Fruits 6235 89512 14.4 6302 90185 14.3 6480 92846 14.3

Source: Indian Horticulture Database

The area and production of mango has been almost continuously increases over the years (Table 2). The area under mango cultivation was 1077.6 thousand ha during 1991-92 which reaches up to 2516 thousand ha in 2013-14 and recorded 2262.8 thousand ha in 2016-17. However, the production has been fluctuating drastically. During 1991-92, the total production was 8715.6 thousand MT which was increased up to 13997 thousand MT in 2007-08. During 2008-09 the production was declined from 13997 thousand MT to 12750 thousand MT. From 2009-10 there is continuous increase in the mango production (15026.7 thousand MT) to 2016-17 (19686.9 thousand MT). A total 109.99 % increase in area under mango cultivation has been recorded from 1991-92 to 2014-15 while, 125.88 % increase in production was recorded during the same period. However, productivity has been fluctuating drastically from 1991-92 to 2014-15. The productivity of 8.1 MT/ha was recorded during 1991-12 whereas, it was declined up to 5.5 MT/ha in 2008-09 and again increased up to 8.5 MT/ha in 2014-15 and reached up to maximum productivity of 8.7 MT/ha in 2016-17. There was overall increase of 7.41 % in productivity of mango from 1991-92 to 2014-15.

Table-2: All India Area, Production and Productivity of Mango in India

Year Mango Area % of Total Fruit Area Production % of Total Fruit Production Productivity
1991-92 1077.6 37.49 8715.6 30.44 8.1
2001-02 1575.8 39.30 10020.2 23.30 6.4
2002-03 1623.4 42.86 12733.2 28.17 7.8
2003-04 1906.7 40.91 11490 25.01 6
2004-05 1970.4 39.03 11829.7 23.26 6
2005-06 2080.7 39.08 12663.1 22.88 6.1
2006-07 2154 38.78 13734 23.06 6.4
2007-08 2201 37.58 13997 21.34 6.4
2008-09 2309 37.85 12750 18.62 5.5
2009-10 2312.3 36.53 15026.7 21.01 6.5
2010-11 2297 35.99 15188 20.28 6.6
2011-12 2378.1 35.47 16196.4 21.19 6.8
2012-13 2500 35.81 18002.4 22.15 7.2
2013-14 2516 34.87 18431.3 20.71 7.3
2014-15 2163.5 35.41 18527 21.39 8.5
2015-16 2208.6 35.05 18642.5 20.67 8.4
2016-17 (Provisional) 2262.8 34.92 19686.9 21.20 8.7

Fig 1. Per cent contribution of different states in total area under mango (2016-17)

Fig-2. Per cent contribution of different states in total mango production (2016-17).

Fig 3. Area (‘000 ha) covered under mango crop by different states (2016-17)

Fig 4. Mango production (‘000 MT) by different states (2016-17).

Uttar Pradesh was the leading mango producing state with contribution of 23.06 per cent of the total mango production whereas; Andhra Pradesh was the leading state in area by accounting for 14.72 per cent of total mango area under country in 2016-17 (Fig 1 & 2). In 2016-17, total mango production from Uttar Pradesh was 4540.23 thousand MT; while maximum area was reported in Andhra Pradesh (332.97 thousand ha) (Fig 3 & 4). The productivity of mango was also recorded highest in Uttar Pradesh (17.1 MT/ha) during 2016-17 (Table-3) which is also much higher than the national productivity (8.7 MT/ha) of mango. Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Bihar, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Odisha, Kerla and West Bengal were the other important states cultivating mango significantly and commercially. The States like Maharashtra contribute maximum towards export of mangoes from the country. States, like Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh are striving to increase their share in export by diversifying the export basket. A comparison of area and production of mango from 2014-15 to 2016-17 indicated that Uttar Pradesh was the leading mango producing state whereas, Andhra Pradesh was the leading mango producing state during 2014-15, 2015-16 and 2016-17.

Table 3: State-wise Area (‘000 ha), Production (‘000 MT) and Productivity (MT/ha) of Mango
States 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
Area Prod Productivity Area Prod Productivity Area Prod Productivity
 UTTAR PRADESH 250.74 4347.5 17.3 263.28 4512.71 17.1 264.93 4540.23 17.1
ANDHRA PRADESH 315.42 2822.08 8.9 327.31 2803.66 8.6 332.97 3163.32 9.5
KARNATAKA 175.41 1646.51 9.4 181.7 1725.67 9.5 192.61 1829.21 9.5
TELANGANA 196.44 1801.75 9.2 194.05 1778.32 9.2 180.62 1681.6 9.3
BIHAR 148 1272 8.6 149.14 1464.93 9.8 150.64 1479.58 9.8
GUJARAT 150.05 1219.71 8.1 153.18 1241.59 8.1 153.18 1241.59 8.1
TAMIL NADU 147.48 896.78 6.1 125.98 975.11 7.7 160.94 1156.99 7.2
WEST BENGAL 95.43 799.65 8.4 96.74 693.39 7.2 97.93 836.07 8.5
ODISHA 197.74 769.93 3.9 199.29 778.72 3.9 199.3 816.2 4.1
MAHARASHTRA 157.77 758.84 4.8 162.08 463.17 2.9 157.07 514.87 3.3
MADHYA PRADESH 26.71 396 14.8 27.89 371.48 13.3 40.08 494.36 12.3
CHHATISGARH 67.12 386.67 5.8 71.52 420.61 5.9 73.99 437.58 5.9
JHARKHAND 51.84 523.14 10.1 50.41 393.67 7.8 52.24 430.22 8.2
KERALA 44.85 252.86 5.6 70.12 382.52 5.5 69.11 382.38 5.5
UTTARAKHAND 40.7 150.62 3.7 35.91 149.73 4.2 35.93 149.76 4.2
PUNJAB 6.75 113.44 16.8 6.74 113.5 16.8 6.85 115.35 16.8
HARYANA 9.22 88.72 9.6 9.26 89.97 9.7 9.42 109.74 11.6
RAJASTHAN 5.45 78.68 14.4 5 82.27 16.5 5 82.5 16.5
ASSAM 4.59 45.69 10.0 4.62 46.15 10.0 5.58 58.49 10.5
TRIPURA 11.18 62.56 5.6 11.75 59.06 5.0 11.64 58.47 5.0
HIMACHAL PRADESH 41.11 47.61 1.2 41.52 37.63 0.9 41.52 47.4 1.1
JAMMU & KASHMIR 12.46 20.93 1.7 12.67 23.74 1.9 12.67 23.74 1.9
NAGALAND 0.51 3.57 7.0 0.57 3.74 6.6 0.64 4.19 6.5
MIZORAM 0.89 4.18 4.7 0.87 4.18 4.8 0.89 4.18 4.7
ARUNACHAL PRADESH       0.05 0.03 0.6 0.05 0.03 0.6
OTHERS 5.62 17.58 3.1 6.91 27 3.9 6.98 28.87 4.1
TOTAL 2163.47 18526.98 8.6 2208.56 18642.53 8.4 2262.77 19686.93 8.7

(Source : Indian Horticulture Database)

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