Mango (Mangifera indica L.) has attained the status of most important fruit crop in tropics and subtropics, particularly in Asia and considered as ‘king of fruits’. India occupies first place in mango production of the world and accounts for almost half of the global production and area. India being primary and secondary centre of domestication of Mangifera indica, substantial contribution of mango industry in economy, export, livelihood support is well known. Enormous genetic diversity exists in the country. Considering the importance of mango national database on mango has been developed with the support of DBT (Department of Biotechnology, Government of India, New Delhi) in network mode involving ten research institutes/universities viz., Central Institute for Subtropical Horticulture (CISH), Lucknow; Indian institute of Horticultural Research (IIHR), Bengaluru; Horticultural College & Research Institute for Women (HCRIW) (Tamil Nadu Agricultural University), Trichy; Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya (BCKV), Nadia; National Research Centre for Litchi (NRCL), Muzaffarpur; Central Horticultural Experiment Station (CHES), Bhubaneswar; Fruit Research Station (FRS) (Andhra Pradesh Horticultural University), Sangareddy; Regional Fruit Research Station (RFRS) (Dr. Balasaheb Sawant Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth), Vengurle; Agriculture Experimental Station (AES) (Navsari Agriculture University), Paria and ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region (ICAR RC), Barapani.
As the information on morphological characterization of regional farmer’s variety and eco-geographical adaptations, package of practices, traditional knowledge, geographical indicators related to different varieties specific to mango growing areas of India, thus the involvement of these institutions for collection of information at district level resulted a huge data set representing country level information, which further reorganized for the development of an interactive and informative national network database meeting the strong need of the country. All centres collected geographical location specific information and final integration of the digitized information developed at Central Institute for Subtropical Horticulture (CISH), Lucknow as National Mango Database.
Mango database providing information on genetic, phenotypic, molecular markers, proteins, endogenous phytochemicals, usage, packages of practices, traditional knowledge, nutritional and medicinal value, production, harvesting and postharvest technologies, on farm conservation sites, gene bank status, IPR issues, diseases and pests, geographical indicators, bibliographic records and GIS applications for georeference database and several other important aspects on the crop. The national database on various aspects of mango germplasm would be highly useful for biotechnologists, students, researchers, farmers, policy makers and mango lovers. From IPR point of view, utilization of germplasm in breeding programs and other biotechnological researches on mango will be highly useful.
Genetic resources molecular characterization and bioinformatics resource information including nucleic acid, ESTs, proteins, chemicals of different Mangifera collected by CISH, Lucknow. CISH, Lucknow also generated information on GIS based mapping of thematic areas like genetic diversity, molecular information and varietal climate suitability, database useful for DUS testing, IPR issues including patents on mango.
Development and maintenance of national database containing information on various aspects related to mango will result in proper utilization of genetic resources in improvement programmes and germplasm conservation, which will also provide sustainable management tools. Mango database also delivers information on various aspects like improvement, production technology, crop protection, biotechnology, genetics, bibliographic citations and related issues affecting livelihoods and nutritional security for the benefit of researchers, farmers, local communities and tropical fruit tree user groups.
Information on mango accessions available in different gene banks was augmented and updated for providing information of the accessions from various parts of the country. Existing documentation available on mango have been converted into digital format. Information on the farmer’s varieties and landraces, available in the literatures were digitized for the updates of database. For this purpose, descriptions made by research workers from different parts of the country were collected. Information on the important eco-geographical areas rich in genetic diversity presented could also be retrieved from the database. The database is also equipped with characterization information on different mango varieties along with extant farmer’s varieties, information on different mango diseases & pest, symptoms, integrated management, products, DUS testing of mango varieties, identified geographical indications, database on the chemical profile of mango, secured patents and other IPR issues. A lot of germplasm has been conserved and characterized in different field gene banks in different parts of the country. From IPR point of view, utilization of germplasm in breeding programme and other biotechnological research, database development on mango genetic resources will be highly useful to the research worker involved in these fields. Development of national database will add a value to the national intellectual property and serve information source for the students, scientists, researchers, policy makers, exporters and farmers.